We have the pleasure to invite you at the lecture of Assoc. Prof. Dr. habil. Toth I. Janos, from the Philosophy Department of the University of Szeged, Hungary. The guest will address the issue of “Bioethics and Sustainability”.
The ERASMUS lecture will take place on Thursday, October 23rd, 2014, at 10.00 hours, in room 10/I, the main building of Babes-Bolyai University (No. 1, M. Kogalniceanu Street, Cluj).
Abstract of the lecture
The contemporary bioethics is interpreting the different medical issues from basically individualistic point of view of modernity. However, Potter and Jonas’s work shows that there is an approach to bioethics, the global bioethics, which places the survival of humanity at the center. This lecture analyzes in detail these authors from bioethical aspects of sustainability. In my opinion we need to go back to the thoughts of Jonas and Potter that is bioethics should be based on the idea of sustainability.
Potter and Jonas not only linked the survival of human race and the issue of ethics, but they also argued that the survival of humanity means the ultimate moral criterion. Therefore, all questions should be judged from the standpoint that they promote or limit the survival of humanity. According to this new (sustainability) ethics everything is good that promotes the survival of the human race and everything is bad that limits it. So the absolute goal is to maintain humanity and all the other goals are of secondary importance. In general, there is harmony between the survival of the individual and humanity. However, there may be special human interests (e.g. excessive consumption, too high or too low reproduction) that are contrary to humanity’s survival. In these cases, the obligations arising from sustainability should be given priority.